When you have got to write a paper, you have to know how to start a research paper intro. Since the amount of your work in print should be about 20 A4 sheets, it is clear that reviewers (with rare exceptions) will not read your work completely. Usually review is the material that describes in details your practical part and conclusions. In this regard, great attention is paid to the design of the introduction of work and conclusion. The first impression about the research you have done is shaped precisely by the design and content of the introduction. Thus it is necessary to competently arrange this part of the work. For this reason, here are some recommendations on how to start a research paper intro.
According to the design of the introduction of paper:
- Introduction and conclusion must be in accordance with a specific format.
introduction should include the following components:
- Relevance of the work. Here it is briefly necessary to show what problems in your area of research have not been solved to date. It is important to make references to scientific articles that mention the interest of scientists to the problem.
- Purpose of the study. Must be related to the stated research topic.
- Objectives of the study (what you will do to achieve the goal). It is necessary to set as many tasks as you really can solve. It is enough to set 2 – 3 tasks. Usually each problem is solved in a separate chapter or paragraph. At the same time, remember that tasks should be research, not technical. Feel the difference: a) find out the conditions for the occurrence of an interference pattern, b) get a ferromagnetic fluid, c) develop an experimental setup – these are all examples of technical work items, such as “open a book on page 17 and rewrite the formula in the box” no tasks. Research tasks are formulated as follows: a) analyze the experimental data obtained taking into account measurement errors; c) determine the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed method in comparison with alternative ones, etc.
- Formulation of the research hypothesis (what result is supposed to be obtained). Many scientists and university professors believe that in physical research this item is not mandatory, but desirable. The fact is that it is not always possible to foresee the result of your research. This distinguishes this research work from the project. And it’s not that you can get a negative result in relation to the intended, but simply cannot say what happens in the end. This is a feature of perhaps all natural sciences.
- The reliability of the study. You must convince the expert advice that you can believe the results of your work. Usually the reliability of the study is confirmed as follows: indication of errors; strict observance of the limits of applicability of the laws and formulas used; the use of modern computational methods; limiting the transfer of your results to those already known; experiment repeatability, etc.