How to write an introduction for a research paper?

Undoubtedly, the justification of the choice of its theme is one of the main points of the introduction. It is with its writing that a good introduction should start, which will make an impression on both the supervisor and all kinds of examiners. Therefore, the focus of this mini-review will be on how to write an introduction for a research paper.

The introduction begins with an introductory word.

Any introduction should start with an introductory word. For many novice authors who first encounter the writing of research papers, the first problems begin with an introductory word. What is this introductory word and how to make it correctly?

The introductory word plays the role of “support”, which should begin the further description. Without it, the introduction will be incomplete, because it is impossible to begin the story immediately with relevance or with a description of goals and objectives.

Many students ask how to write an introduction for a research paper?

A well-written introductory word should contain the following main points:

  1. Disclosure of basic concepts and research issues. There should be no questions here, you simply point out the main problem of the research and define the basic concepts with which you will work.
  2. You must show the features of the interaction of the main object of your research with the outside world. This is a very important question that can show your level of understanding of your chosen topic. Since this is the main point of the “introduction to introduction”, we will describe it in more detail.

An example of how to write an introduction for a research paper.

Theme: the problem of moral values ​​in modern politics.


The main difference between morality and other organizational and control spheres is that morality has no material forms, does not materialize in management, institutions of power, does not have a control center and means of communication, and is reflected only in language, speech and public behavior. In spite of this, it is present in all spheres, it affects the stereotypes that govern society, and especially the phenomenon of politics as a social phenomenon. All moral regulations have the character of ideals, with which it is necessary to coordinate all their actions. Moral gives an assessment of the inner experience of actions. Politics, as such, is the most “down to earth” object and focused, i.e. it focuses on the achievement of specific goals and results. The most important feature of the policy is its reliance on force, the use of compulsory sanctions for non-compliance with the requirements. Morality is based mainly on the “sanctions” of conscience.

As can be seen from the above example, the author took the following steps:

• made a clear parallel between the main points of his work;

• briefly revealed the essence of their interaction;

• showed the main difference of one sphere of control from another.

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How to start a research paper intro?

When you have got to write a paper, you have to know how to start a research paper intro. Since the amount of your work in print should be about 20 A4 sheets, it is clear that reviewers (with rare exceptions) will not read your work completely. Usually review is the material that describes in details your practical part and conclusions. In this regard, great attention is paid to the design of the introduction of work and conclusion. The first impression about the research you have done is shaped precisely by the design and content of the introduction. Thus it is necessary to competently arrange this part of the work. For this reason, here are some recommendations on how to start a research paper intro.

According to the design of the introduction of paper:

  1. Introduction and conclusion must be in accordance with a specific format.
  2. The introduction should include the following components:
    1. Relevance of the work. Here it is briefly necessary to show what problems in your area of ​​research have not been solved to date. It is important to make references to scientific articles that mention the interest of scientists to the problem.
    2. Purpose of the study. Must be related to the stated research topic.
    3. Objectives of the study (what you will do to achieve the goal). It is necessary to set as many tasks as you really can solve. It is enough to set 2 – 3 tasks. Usually each problem is solved in a separate chapter or paragraph. At the same time, remember that tasks should be research, not technical. Feel the difference: a) find out the conditions for the occurrence of an interference pattern, b) get a ferromagnetic fluid, c) develop an experimental setup – these are all examples of technical work items, such as “open a book on page 17 and rewrite the formula in the box” no tasks. Research tasks are formulated as follows: a) analyze the experimental data obtained taking into account measurement errors; c) determine the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed method in comparison with alternative ones, etc.
    4. Formulation of the research hypothesis (what result is supposed to be obtained). Many scientists and university professors believe that in physical research this item is not mandatory, but desirable. The fact is that it is not always possible to foresee the result of your research. This distinguishes this research work from the project. And it’s not that you can get a negative result in relation to the intended, but simply cannot say what happens in the end. This is a feature of perhaps all natural sciences.
    5. The reliability of the study. You must convince the expert advice that you can believe the results of your work. Usually the reliability of the study is confirmed as follows: indication of errors; strict observance of the limits of applicability of the laws and formulas used; the use of modern computational methods; limiting the transfer of your results to those already known; experiment repeatability, etc.

Research paper conclusion

To start writing a research paper conclusion, it is necessary to understand what a research paper conclusion actually is. Since this is one of the most important structural parts of research paper, you do not have to neglect it.

Conclusion in other words is a summary of the results that were obtained in the process of writing a research paper, and developed on the basis of their proposals.

This section follows immediately after the main part and before the bibliographic list (list of references). These include the following elements:

  1. Conclusions on the theoretical and practical aspects of the work that were obtained during the study.
  2. Evaluation and results of an empirical study with a description of the findings.
  3. Proposals that will eliminate the problems identified in the work, as well as a description of their practical significance and the introduction of the results of the research paper.
  4. The result of the work done (to achieve the goal and accomplish the tasks).

The length of the conclusion is usually 3-4 pages.

The conclusion is closely interrelated with the introduction, since the elements (hypothesis, goal of the task, etc.) indicated in the introduction should be reflected in the conclusion.

Now we are going to provide you with the answer for the question how to write a research paper conclusion.

First of all, even though the conclusion should be written briefly, it should be informative.

Second, do not make the conclusion cumbersome, but too meager it should not be. The best life hack to conclude is to collect all the conclusions from the sections and chapters of the thesis and slightly process them. However, this approach is quickly recognized by experienced managers.

The scientific style of presentation gives the conclusion a special state of mind; this will help introductory phrases and phrases:

  • Based on the study, we found out …
  • In conclusion, we note that …
  • In our study, we identified … ..
  • Our work leads to the conclusion that … ..
  • The practical significance of the study lies in ….

Before writing a conclusion, you should look at a couple of examples of their writing. And it is better to ask them from your manager, as there are various jobs on the net, and not always of good quality.